Timbuktu (present-day Tombouctou in Mali), founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries there contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu’s scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city’s most famous and long-lasting contribution to Islamic and world civilization. The Pillars of Iman, the fundamental principles of the Islamic faith, are presented in this book. Al-Jawāhir al-Ḥisan fī Ma‘rifat Arkān al-Īmān (The beautiful jewels for edification in the Pillars of the Faith) covers the elements of faith, including belief in God, his angels and messengers, and the scriptures. Arbāb al-Kharṭūmī also discussed belief in the last judgment and the inevitability of God's will, irrespective of human understanding or desire.
Place: Africa; Mali; Tombouctou
Institution: Mamma Haidara Commemorative Library