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Appraisal of a plantation owned by Elisha King listing 43 enslaved persons

Smithsonian Institution,


An appraisal conducted on September 10, 1852 on a plantation owned by Elisha F. King in Bibbs County, Alabama. The appraisal is handwritten with blue ink, recorded on both sides of a single sheet of blue paper, folded in half to make four pages. Written in the top left corner of the front side is “State of Alabama / Perry County.” The document begins “Perry City personally appraised before me Sh[illegible] W. Sanders an acting Justice of the Piece [sic] in for said count John Edmond, [illegible] B. Moolley, Obadiah Belcher commissioners appointed by the House J. F. Bailey Judge of the probate court of Perry County for the purpose of appraising the personal property belonging to the estate of the late E. F. King…” The appraisal goes on to list the property at the plantation in Bibbs County, Alabama, over two pages. Making up the majority of the property are fourty-three enslaved men, women and children, listed as "negroes" with names and prices ranging from $350 to $1000. The enslaved are identified as: | Sarah & Child, Lucy & Child, Lane & 2 Children, Betty, Amy & 2 children, Mariah, Anacy, Tilda & 2 children, Catherine, Ann, Nelly, Rachael, Lizy, Susan, Mahaby, Phelan, Joseph, Caroline, Stokes, Jordain, Aalade, Dotia, Frank, Jacob, Merida, Noah, Sam, Moses, Fil, Jack, Isrel, Ben, Elijah, George, Mat | In addition to the enslaved persons, the property listing includes ten mules, also identified with names and prices, six cows and calves, 5 head of sheep, and other livestock; spades, hoes, iron wedges, blacksmith tools, a cotton gin and other plantation tools, a lot of bacon, and household furniture. | On the opposite side of the paper is a one page signed statement by Edwin W. King verifying the appraisal listing, dated September 21, 1852, and another page with the title "List of notes belonging to E of E.F. King." The page lists 15 debts with names, due dates, and amounts totaling $2617.60.
Medium: ink on paper
Dimensions: H x W: 12 3/8 × 7 7/8 in. (31.5 × 20 cm)
Object number: 2018.43.4
Credit Line: Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Liljenquist Family
Subject of: Unidentified Woman or Women ; Unidentified Man or Men ; Elisha F. King, American, died 1852 ; John Edmunds, American, born 1813 ; Green B. Mobley, American, 1807 - 1877 ; Obadiah Belcher, American ; Unidentified Child or Children
Place depicted: Bibb County, Alabama, United States, North and Central America
Written by: S. W. Sanders, American, died 1853
Place: Perry County, Alabama, United States, North and Central America
Data Source: National Museum of African American History and Culture


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ARGOMENTI : # in Scienze umane / Storia / Storia: specifici eventi e argomenti / Schiavitù e abolizione della schiavitù /
Società e scienze sociali / Società e cultura / Gruppi sociali / Studi sui generi, gruppi sociali secondo il genere / Studi etnografici / Studi sui generi: donne / Minoranze etniche e multiculturalismo /
Tecnologia, ingegneria, agricoltura / Agricoltura e allevamento
PAESI : Alabama / USA (Stati Uniti d'America)
TAG : tag: appraisals , African American , agriculture , American South , business , Children , Domestic slave trade , Families , finance , Men , Slavery , United States--History--1815-1861 , Women