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Hubble Finds Ring Of Dark Matter

NASA,

DESCRIZIONE

*Description*: This rich galaxy cluster, catalogued as Cl 0024+17, is allowing astronomers to probe the distribution of dark matter in space. The blue streaks near the center of the image are the smeared images of very distant galaxies that are not part of the cluster. The distant galaxies appear distorted because their light is being bent and magnified by the powerful gravity of Cl 0024+17, an effect called gravitational lensing. Dark matter cannot be seen because it does not shine or reflect light. Astronomers can only detect its influence by how its gravity affects light. By mapping the distorted light created by gravitational lensing, astronomers can trace how dark matter is distributed in the cluster. While mapping the dark matter, astronomers found a dark-matter ring near the cluster's center. The ring's discovery is among the strongest evidence that dark matter exists. The Hubble observations were taken in November 2004 by the Advanced Camera for Surveys. Technical facts about this news release: About the Object Object Name: Cl 0024+17, ZwCl 0024+1652 Object Description: Galaxy Cluster Position (J2000): R.A. 00h 26m 35s Dec. +17° 09' 43" Constellation: Pisces Distance: Approximately 5 billion light-years (1.5 billion parsecs); Redshift z = 0.395 Dimensions: This image is roughy 3 arcminutes wide. About the Data Data Description: The ACS data was from the HST proposal 10325: H. Ford (Johns Hopkins University), N. Benitez (Johns Hopkins University/Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia), T. Broadhurst (Tel Aviv University - Wise Observatory), R. White (STScI), K. Zekser (Johns Hopkins University), and D. Coe (Johns Hopkins University/Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia). The science team includes: M.J. Jee and H. Ford (Johns Hopkins University), G. Illingworth (UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz), R. White (STScI), T. Broadhurst (Tel Aviv University - Wise Observatory), D. Coe (Johns Hopkins University/Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia), G. Meurer and A. van der Wel (Johns Hopkins University), N. Benitez (Johns Hopkins University/Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia), J. Blakeslee (Washington State University), R. Bouwens (UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz), L. Bradley , R. Demarco, N. Homeier, A. Martel, and S. Mei (Johns Hopkins University). Instrument: ACS/WFC Exposure Date(s): November 2004 Exposure Time: 14.5 hours Filters: F435W ("B"), F475W ("g"), F555W ("V"), F625W ("r"), F775W ("i"), and F850LP ("z") About the Image Image Credit: NASA, ESA, and M.J. Jee (Johns Hopkins University) Release Date: May 15, 2007 Color: This image is a composite of many separate exposures made by the ACS instrument on the Hubble Space Telescope. In total, six filters were used to sample light from broad and narrow wavelengths. The color results from assigning different hues (colors) to each monochromatic image. In this case, the assigned colors are: F435W ("B"), F475W ("g") blue F555W ("V"), F625W ("r") green F775W ("i"), and F850LP ("z") red Dark Matter "Ring" Derived from Hubble Data cyan Orientation: Searching for Dark Matter in a Galaxy Cluster [ http://imgsrc.hubblesite.org/hu/db/2007/17/images/b/formats/compass_large_web.jpg ] *News Release Number:*: STScI-2007-17b

DETTAGLI

LICENZA : Pubblico dominio
ARGOMENTI : # in Matematica e scienze / Astronomia
TAG : tag: CL0024+17 , ZwCl 0024+1652 , TRACE , Discovery , Hubble Space Telescope (HST) , Advanced Camera for Surveys , Constellation , Pisces , WISE , California , Santa Cruz , Washington
FONTE : Hubble Space Telescope Collection