This poster from 1918, the last year of World War I, advertises the “Liberation Loan” issued by the French government. Parts of France had been occupied by Germany since 1914, and by 1918, the exhausted French people were hoping for victory and the liberation of occupied territory. Algeria was an overseas territory administered as an integral part of France, and this poster was commissioned by an Algerian financial institution, the Compagnie Algérienne, seeking subscribers to the loan. The poster shows an Algerian man, presumably a warrior, on horseback. Around 500,000 men from Algeria and French West Africa fought for France during World War I. The illustration is by Maurice Romberg de Vaucorbeil (1862–1943), a Belgian-born painter who moved to Morocco in 1887, where he lived first in Tetouan and later Meknes and Marrakesh. Romberg spent three years traveling throughout North Africa with the archaeologist Henri de la Martinière. He was the first European painter to settle in Marrakesh, where he established a reputation for producing beautiful watercolors of Moroccan scenes.
Sponsor: Compagnie Algérienne
Place: Europe; France; Middle East and North Africa; Algeria
Institution: Library of Congress
Physical description: 1 print (poster) : lithograph, color ; 121 x 79 centimeters